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教育部公开曝光第七批8起违反教师职业行为十项准则典型案例

发(fa)布者:魏(wei)雪(xue)莹作者:学习强国(guo)发布时间(jian):2021-08-26浏览次数:438

     日(ri)前,教(jiao)(jiao)育部(bu)公开曝光第七批(pi)8起(qi)违反教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)职业(ye)(ye)行(xing)为(wei)十(shi)项准则(ze)典型问(wen)(wen)题。教(jiao)(jiao)育部(bu)有关负责人(ren)指出,8起(qi)典型案(an)例涉事(shi)教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)都(dou)受(shou)到严(yan)肃处(chu)理(li),反映(ying)出各(ge)地(di)各(ge)校深入落实教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)职业(ye)(ye)行(xing)为(wei)十(shi)项准则(ze),旗帜鲜明(ming)查处(chu)师(shi)(shi)(shi)德违规问(wen)(wen)题的坚决态度,同(tong)时,反映(ying)出当(dang)前仍有极个(ge)别教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)理(li)想信(xin)念(nian)缺失、育人(ren)意识淡漠、法纪观念(nian)淡薄,对亚博投注安(an)全造(zao)成严(yan)重(zhong)伤(shang)害(hai),对教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)队伍形象造(zao)成严(yan)重(zhong)影(ying)响。这8起(qi)案(an)例分别是:

一、河(he)北省沧州(zhou)市华北油田(tian)某亚博(bo)投注安(an)全教(jiao)(jiao)师曹某某收(shou)受(shou)(shou)亚博(bo)投注安(an)全家长(zhang)礼品、礼金(jin)问题。曹某某先后收(shou)受(shou)(shou)亚博(bo)投注安(an)全家长(zhang)海鲜、茶(cha)叶、水果等物品及现金(jin)1000元。曹某某的(de)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)(wei)(wei)违(wei)反(fan)(fan)了(le)《新时代中(zhong)(zhong)小(xiao)学(xue)教(jiao)(jiao)师职业(ye)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)(wei)(wei)十(shi)项(xiang)准(zhun)则(ze)》第九(jiu)项(xiang)规定。根据《中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)共产党纪律处分(fen)条例》《事业(ye)单(dan)位工作人员处分(fen)暂行(xing)(xing)规定》《中(zhong)(zhong)小(xiao)学(xue)教(jiao)(jiao)师违(wei)反(fan)(fan)职业(ye)道德行(xing)(xing)为(wei)(wei)(wei)处理(li)办法(2018年修订)》等相关规定,给予曹某某党内(nei)警告处分(fen)、行(xing)(xing)政(zheng)记过处分(fen)。送(song)礼亚博(bo)投注安(an)全家长(zhang)职业(ye)为(wei)(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)学(xue)教(jiao)(jiao)师,同样违(wei)反(fan)(fan)了(le)《新时代中(zhong)(zhong)小(xiao)学(xue)教(jiao)(jiao)师职业(ye)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)(wei)(wei)十(shi)项(xiang)准(zhun)则(ze)》,给予其诫(jie)勉(mian)谈话、批评教(jiao)(jiao)育的(de)处理(li),取消当年评奖(jiang)评优及职称评定资格,并在沧州(zhou)市全市范围内(nei)通(tong)报。

二、贵州(zhou)省(sheng)毕节(jie)(jie)市(shi)赫(he)章县(xian)(xian)(xian)2名(ming)教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)在校外(wai)培(pei)训机(ji)构有偿补课问(wen)题。孙(sun)某(mou)、刘某(mou)某(mou)在校外(wai)培(pei)训机(ji)构违规有偿补课,违反了《新时(shi)代中(zhong)小学教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)职业行为(wei)十(shi)项准则》第(di)十(shi)项规定(ding)。根据《事业单位工(gong)作人员处分暂行规定(ding)》《中(zhong)小学教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)违反职业道德(de)行为(wei)处理办(ban)法(fa)(2018年修(xiu)订(ding))》等相关(guan)规定(ding),给(ji)予孙(sun)某(mou)、刘某(mou)某(mou)降低(di)岗位等级处分,年度师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风考核不(bu)合(he)格,调(diao)离教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)岗位并调(diao)离原单位,不(bu)再从事一线教(jiao)学工(gong)作,将违纪所得上(shang)缴财政(zheng)。赫(he)章县(xian)(xian)(xian)政(zheng)府(fu)对赫(he)章县(xian)(xian)(xian)教(jiao)育(yu)局领导班子集体(ti)约(yue)谈,对亚博投注安(an)全(quan)(quan)进行全(quan)(quan)县(xian)(xian)(xian)通报批评(ping),赫(he)章县(xian)(xian)(xian)教(jiao)育(yu)部门和所在亚博投注安(an)全(quan)(quan)分管领导作书面检讨。赫(he)章县(xian)(xian)(xian)全(quan)(quan)县(xian)(xian)(xian)开展在职教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)在校外(wai)培(pei)训机(ji)构兼(jian)职兼(jian)薪排(pai)查整治,毕节(jie)(jie)市(shi)全(quan)(quan)市(shi)组织开展师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风警示教(jiao)育(yu)。

三、宁夏银川市兴(xing)庆(qing)区(qu)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)幼(you)(you)儿(er)园(yuan)3名(ming)教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)虐待幼(you)(you)儿(er)问题。2021年6月,张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)、金某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)、刘某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)在(zai)保(bao)教(jiao)保(bao)育中存在(zai)虐打幼(you)(you)儿(er)行(xing)为,违(wei)反了《新时代(dai)幼(you)(you)儿(er)园(yuan)教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)职业(ye)行(xing)为十项(xiang)(xiang)准则》第六(liu)项(xiang)(xiang)规定。张(zhang)(zhang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)因涉(she)嫌(xian)虐待被(bei)监护(hu)、看护(hu)人(ren)罪,被(bei)刑事拘留;金某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)因涉(she)嫌(xian)殴(ou)打他(ta)人(ren),被(bei)处(chu)(chu)以治(zhi)安(an)拘留15日并处(chu)(chu)罚(fa)(fa)金1000元;刘某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)(mou)因涉(she)事情节较轻(qing),移交教(jiao)育行(xing)政部门(men)处(chu)(chu)罚(fa)(fa)。3名(ming)涉(she)事教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)已被(bei)依(yi)法撤销教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge),收(shou)缴教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)证,列(lie)入教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)限制库。该幼(you)(you)儿(er)园(yuan)园(yuan)长、副园(yuan)长被(bei)依(yi)法作出撤销任(ren)职资(zi)格(ge)(ge)、教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)的处(chu)(chu)理。该园(yuan)被(bei)暂停办学资(zi)格(ge)(ge)并要求作出整顿。

四(si)、重庆师(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)大学(xue)教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)唐(tang)(tang)某发(fa)表(biao)错误言论问题。2019年2月,唐(tang)(tang)某在课程(cheng)教(jiao)学(xue)中发(fa)表(biao)损害国家声誉(yu)的(de)言论。唐(tang)(tang)某的(de)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)违反了《新时代高校教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)职业(ye)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)十项(xiang)准则(ze)》第一项(xiang)、第三项(xiang)规(gui)定(ding)。根据(ju)《事业(ye)单位工作人员处(chu)分暂(zan)行(xing)(xing)规(gui)定(ding)》《教(jiao)育部亚博(bo)投注(zhu)信誉(yu)关于(yu)高校教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)师(shi)(shi)(shi)德失范(fan)行(xing)(xing)为(wei)处(chu)理的(de)指导意(yi)见》等相(xiang)关规(gui)定(ding),给(ji)予(yu)唐(tang)(tang)某撤销教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资格(ge),调离教(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)岗(gang)位,降低岗(gang)位等级(ji)的(de)处(chu)理。亚博(bo)投注(zhu)安全对其所在学(xue)院党政负责人进行(xing)(xing)约谈(tan)并责令(ling)作出深刻检查。

五(wu)、吉林农业科技学(xue)院(yuan)教(jiao)师(shi)王(wang)(wang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)性骚扰(rao)亚(ya)博(bo)投注(zhu)(zhu)安(an)(an)全、学(xue)术不(bu)端等问题。2018年10月,王(wang)(wang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)违规参加由亚(ya)博(bo)投注(zhu)(zhu)安(an)(an)全支(zhi)付费用的(de)宴请和(he)娱乐活动期间存(cun)在性骚扰(rao)亚(ya)博(bo)投注(zhu)(zhu)安(an)(an)全行为(wei),且(qie)存(cun)在论(lun)文抄袭(xi)造假情况(kuang)。王(wang)(wang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)的(de)行为(wei)违反了《新时代高(gao)校(xiao)教(jiao)师(shi)职业行为(wei)十(shi)项(xiang)(xiang)准则》第(di)六项(xiang)(xiang)、第(di)七项(xiang)(xiang)、第(di)九项(xiang)(xiang)规定(ding)。根(gen)据《事业单位工作(zuo)人员处(chu)(chu)分(fen)暂行规定(ding)》《教(jiao)育部亚(ya)博(bo)投注(zhu)(zhu)信誉关(guan)于高(gao)校(xiao)教(jiao)师(shi)师(shi)德失范行为(wei)处(chu)(chu)理(li)的(de)指导意见》等相关(guan)规定(ding),给予王(wang)(wang)某(mou)(mou)(mou)某(mou)(mou)(mou)开(kai)除(chu)处(chu)(chu)分(fen),撤(che)销其教(jiao)师(shi)资(zi)格,收缴(jiao)教(jiao)师(shi)资(zi)格证书,将其列(lie)入教(jiao)师(shi)资(zi)格限制库(ku)。亚(ya)博(bo)投注(zhu)(zhu)安(an)(an)全党委(wei)对(dui)其所在学(xue)院(yuan)党总支(zhi)书记(ji)和(he)院(yuan)长给予党内(nei)警告处(chu)(chu)分(fen)。

六、成都体育学(xue)(xue)院(yuan)(yuan)教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)邓(deng)某某与他人发生不正当关(guan)系问题。2015年4月至2018年9月,邓(deng)某某与他人长期保(bao)持婚外不正当关(guan)系。邓(deng)某某的行(xing)为(wei)违反(fan)了《新时代高(gao)校教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)职业行(xing)为(wei)十项准则》第二项规(gui)定。根据《中国共产党(dang)纪律处(chu)分(fen)条例》《事(shi)业单位工(gong)作(zuo)人员处(chu)分(fen)暂行(xing)规(gui)定》《教(jiao)(jiao)育部(bu)亚博投(tou)注信誉(yu)关(guan)于高(gao)校教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)师(shi)(shi)德失范行(xing)为(wei)处(chu)理的指导意见》等(deng)(deng)相关(guan)规(gui)定,给予邓(deng)某某开除党(dang)籍、降低岗位等(deng)(deng)级的处(chu)分(fen),并调离教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)岗位;撤销(xiao)其教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格,收缴(jiao)教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格证书,将其列(lie)入教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格限制(zhi)库;取消(xiao)其有关(guan)人才计划入选资(zi)格和研究生导师(shi)(shi)资(zi)格。责令其所在学(xue)(xue)院(yuan)(yuan)党(dang)政负责人作(zuo)出深刻检查,取消(xiao)学(xue)(xue)院(yuan)(yuan)党(dang)总支书记(ji)当年年度考核优秀等(deng)(deng)次。

七(qi)、北京(jing)第(di)(di)二外(wai)国语学(xue)(xue)(xue)院教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)芈某学(xue)(xue)(xue)术不(bu)端问题。2021年(nian)1月,芈某出版的(de)专(zhuan)著抄袭(xi)国外(wai)作者作品。芈某的(de)行(xing)为(wei)违反了《新时代高校教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)职(zhi)业(ye)行(xing)为(wei)十项(xiang)(xiang)准则(ze)》第(di)(di)七(qi)项(xiang)(xiang)规(gui)定(ding)(ding)(ding)。根(gen)据(ju)《中国共产(chan)党(dang)纪律处分条(tiao)例》《事(shi)业(ye)单位(wei)工(gong)作人员处分暂(zan)行(xing)规(gui)定(ding)(ding)(ding)》《教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)部亚博投注(zhu)(zhu)信誉关(guan)于高校教(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)师(shi)(shi)德失(shi)范行(xing)为(wei)处理的(de)指导意见》等相关(guan)规(gui)定(ding)(ding)(ding),给予(yu)芈某党(dang)内严重警告处分、行(xing)政记过处分,调(diao)离教(jiao)(jiao)学(xue)(xue)(xue)岗位(wei),取消研究生导师(shi)(shi)资格(ge)及(ji)三年(nian)内评(ping)奖评(ping)优、职(zhi)务晋升(sheng)(sheng)、职(zhi)称评(ping)定(ding)(ding)(ding)、岗位(wei)晋升(sheng)(sheng)、工(gong)资晋级、干部选(xuan)任、申报人才计划、申报科研项(xiang)(xiang)目等方面的(de)资格(ge)。其所在(zai)学(xue)(xue)(xue)院党(dang)政主要负责(ze)人分别向亚博投注(zhu)(zhu)安(an)全作出书面检讨,并在(zai)学(xue)(xue)(xue)院内部开展(zhan)批评(ping)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。

八、衢(qu)州职(zhi)业(ye)技(ji)术学院教师王(wang)某(mou)某(mou)学术不端问题。2020年(nian)5月,王(wang)某(mou)某(mou)发表文章因涉(she)及(ji)作者身份(fen)、虚假(jia)同行(xing)评(ping)议、文章抄袭等(deng)行(xing)为被杂志社撤稿。王(wang)某(mou)某(mou)的(de)行(xing)为违反了《新时代高(gao)校教师职(zhi)业(ye)行(xing)为十项准则》第(di)七项规(gui)定,根据《事业(ye)单位工作人员处(chu)(chu)分暂行(xing)规(gui)定》《教育部亚博投注信誉关(guan)于高(gao)校教师师德失范行(xing)为处(chu)(chu)理的(de)指导(dao)意见》等(deng)相(xiang)关(guan)规(gui)定,给予王(wang)某(mou)某(mou)警(jing)告(gao)处(chu)(chu)分,撤销(xiao)当年(nian)取得的(de)副教授(shou)专业(ye)技(ji)术职(zhi)务,降低岗位等(deng)级(ji),取消三(san)年(nian)内科研(yan)项目申报等(deng)方面资格,追回(hui)因职(zhi)务、等(deng)级(ji)晋(jin)升已(yi)享(xiang)受的(de)相(xiang)应(ying)(ying)工资待遇(yu);撤销(xiao)涉(she)及(ji)学术不端行(xing)为的(de)论(lun)文学术奖(jiang)励,追回(hui)相(xiang)应(ying)(ying)科研(yan)奖(jiang)励经费(fei)。

      教(jiao)(jiao)育部(bu)有关(guan)负责人强(qiang)调,今(jin)年是中(zhong)国(guo)共产党成立100周(zhou)年,是实施“十四五(wu)”规划、开启全(quan)面建(jian)设社会主义现代化国(guo)家新征程(cheng)的开局之年,对教(jiao)(jiao)师提(ti)出更高要求。广大教(jiao)(jiao)师要深(shen)刻认(ren)识(shi)自己肩负的职责和使命,锤炼教(jiao)(jiao)育报国(guo)之志,坚(jian)守为(wei)党育人、为(wei)国(guo)育才初心,自觉坚(jian)守精神家园(yuan)、坚(jian)守人格底线,率先垂范、以(yi)身作则,争(zheng)做大先生,做亚博投注安全(quan)为(wei)学、为(wei)事、为(wei)人的示(shi)范。

      各地教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)部门和(he)亚博投注(zhu)安(an)(an)全(quan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)以对(dui)(dui)(dui)党(dang)、国家、人(ren)民和(he)历史极端负(fu)责(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)态度(du),深刻认识加(jia)强师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风(feng)(feng)建(jian)设(she)(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)意义,突出(chu)政治引(yin)领(ling),加(jia)强党(dang)史学习,深入开(kai)展师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)专题教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu),持(chi)之以恒(heng)巩(gong)固(gu)拓展师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风(feng)(feng)建(jian)设(she)(she)(she)成(cheng)效。要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)加(jia)强师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风(feng)(feng)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu),强化法(fa)治教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)、纪(ji)律规(gui)范(fan)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu),聚(ju)焦教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)理想信念、家国情怀、价(jia)值(zhi)引(yin)领(ling),进(jin)行(xing)(xing)针对(dui)(dui)(dui)性(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)引(yin)导(dao)和(he)浸润。要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)保持(chi)对(dui)(dui)(dui)违规(gui)行(xing)(xing)为的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)高压(ya)态势,坚(jian)持(chi)力(li)度(du)不减、尺(chi)度(du)不松、态度(du)不变(bian),坚(jian)决(jue)惩处违规(gui)行(xing)(xing)为。要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)严格(ge)(ge)执行(xing)(xing)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)相关工作(zuo)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)求(qiu),根据《中华人(ren)民共(gong)和(he)国教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)法(fa)》和(he)《教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)条例》,对(dui)(dui)(dui)依法(fa)撤(che)销(xiao)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),自撤(che)销(xiao)之日(ri)起5年内不得(de)重(zhong)新申请(qing)认定教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge),其(qi)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)证(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu)应(ying)及(ji)时按程(cheng)序撤(che)销(xiao)并收(shou)(shou)缴;对(dui)(dui)(dui)受到剥夺政治权(quan)利或者故意犯(fan)罪(zui)受到有(you)期徒(tu)刑以上刑事处罚(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),不能取得(de)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge),若(ruo)已经取得(de),应(ying)依法(fa)丧(sang)失,并按程(cheng)序办理注(zhu)销(xiao)手(shou)续,收(shou)(shou)缴证(zheng)(zheng)书(shu)(shu),归档备案,丧(sang)失教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)者不得(de)重(zhong)新申请(qing)认定教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)师(shi)(shi)(shi)资(zi)格(ge)(ge)。要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)压(ya)实(shi)责(ze)(ze)任,推动师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风(feng)(feng)建(jian)设(she)(she)(she)工作(zuo)下(xia)沉,落实(shi)中小亚博投注(zhu)安(an)(an)全(quan)校(xiao)长、高校(xiao)院(系)行(xing)(xing)政主要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)负(fu)责(ze)(ze)人(ren)和(he)党(dang)组织主要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)负(fu)责(ze)(ze)人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)直接领(ling)导(dao)责(ze)(ze)任,打通(tong)落实(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)最后一(yi)公(gong)里,保证(zheng)(zheng)师(shi)(shi)(shi)德(de)师(shi)(shi)(shi)风(feng)(feng)建(jian)设(she)(she)(she)取得(de)实(shi)实(shi)在在效果(guo)。